Forum on Trade and Natural Resources

Hilton Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Three sessions within the ICTSD Trade and Development Symposium

Organised by the African Wildlife Foundation, Earthmind, ICTSD, IISD, and the Smith School for Enterprise and the Environment (Oxford University)

The UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and supported by the commitments made in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA), was adopted in September 2015. Among the set of global priorities, the Agenda includes reform of illegal and unsustainable resource extraction (including illegal fishing, and the poaching and trafficking of protected species) and promotion of sustainable marine and terrestrial resource use. Goals 14 and 15, in particular, establish targets around ending illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and taking urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected flora and fauna – a target directly linked to the work undertaken by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The targets also refer to addressing “both the demand and supply of illegal wildlife products”.

As the attention of policy-makers and civil society turns to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, the first forum on ‘wild trade,’ will be organised in parallel with the WTO’s 10th Ministerial Conference in Nairobi, Kenya. It will explore the potential for and challenges associated with sustainable trade in wild natural resources (fish, trees, other wildlife, and ecosystem services) and its support to different aspects of sustainable development, including environmental sustainability and health, livelihoods and inclusive economic growth, governance and the rule of law.

The Forum will consist of three sessions exploring the critical issues of addressing illegal trade in wild natural resources, voluntary standards for sustainable wild trade, and options for building coherent policy frameworks addressing trade in wild resources as part of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.


Session 1: Addressing Illegal Trade in Natural Resources

14:00-15:30 – Amboseli Room – Video coverage


Identify the distinct challenges associated with trade in illegal, unreported and unregulated fish catch; trade in illegally sourced timber; and trade in other wildlife (flora and fauna) that violates international agreements or domestic laws, as well the impact of these activities on different aspects of sustainable development (e.g. health, livelihoods, governance).

Explore how cooperative international trade policy measures by governments as well as private initiatives could help to address these challenges.


U. Rashid SUMAILA (Professor & Director, Fisheries Economics Research Unit & OceanCanada Partnership Research Director, University of British Columbia)

Paul Gathitu MASELA (Wildlife Manager, Kenya Wildlife Services)

Philip MURUTHI (Vice President for Species Conservation, African Wildlife Foundation)

Juan Carlos VASQUEZ (Legal Affairs and Trade Policy Unit of the CITES Secretariat – United Nations Environment Programme)

Mohamed AWER (Country Director, WWF Kenya)


Alice TIPPING (Senior Programme Officer, Environment and Natural Resources, ICTSD)

Session 2: Voluntary Standards for Sustainable Trade in Natural Resources

15:45-17:15 – Ivory Room –  Video coverage


Explore the opportunities and challenges for developing countries associated with the role of voluntary private standards in creating demand for sustainably sourced living natural resources (fish, timber, other wildlife, and ecosystem services).

Explore how these opportunities and challenges could be addressed, including through hard or soft law, private initiatives, public-private partnerships or Aid for Trade.


Victoria CHOMO (Trade Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization)

Michael ‘t SAS-ROLFES (Independent Conservation Economist, Cape Town, South Africa & Oxford University)

Dr. Evita SCHMIEG (Research Fellow, German Institute for International and Security Affairs)

Calvin COTTAR (Director, Cottar Safaris Services)

George WATENE (Monitoring & Evaluation Manager, 4C Association)


Francis VORHIES (Founder and Executive Director, Earthmind)

Session 3: Trade, Nature and the 2030 Agenda: The Quest for Policy Coherence

17:30-19:00 – Ivory Room – Video coverage


Identify the key inter-dependencies between trade, environment, and other policy areas that need to be addressed to build a coherent policy framework to support legal and sustainable trade in natural resources and the achievement of 2030 Agenda.


Selina JACKSON (Special Representative to the UN and the WTO, World Bank)

Daudi SUMBA (Vice President, Government Relations & Program Design, African Wildlife Foundation)

David RUNNALLS (Distinguished Fellow and former President, International Institute for Sustainable Development)

Ana ESCOBEDO (Director of International Government Affairs, ArcelorMittal)

Prof. Jaime DE MELO (Emeritus Professor, University of Geneva)


Ricardo MELENDEZ-ORTIZ (Chief Executive Officer, ICTSD)


Hilton Nairobi
Mama Ngina St