Business and Finance Library

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In this report, the Natural Value Initiative (NVI) reviews 30 companies in the mining and oil and gas sectors with total market capitalisation of £1,638 billion (US$ 2,545 billion, Euro 1,900 billion)... The report outlines company responses, identifies strengths and areas of common weakness, makes recommendations for improvement and offers further actions for investors, government and the industry. It is these suggestions for improvement that the investors involved in this study are using in their ongoing dialogue with companies identified as underperforming within the analysis. Tread lightly: Biodiversity and ecosystem services risk and opportunity management within the extractive industry - Flora and Fauna International, October 2011 [Published: 2011]
Case Studies, Extractive Industries, Global
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Over 60% of the ecosystem services on which we and much of the agricultural system rely are being degraded or overexploited (MEA 2005). Unpredictable weather, competition for land between biofuels and traditional crops and declines in soil fertility are severely impacting our agricultural system. The degradation of ecosystem services such as freshwater provision, climate regulation and soil fertility (see box 1) clearly has implications for the long-term viability of the businesses dependent on them, in particular those with agricultural supply chains. Increasingly this is translating to business risk and opportunity. The Ecosystem Services Benchmark - Grigg, A., Cullen, Z., Foxall, J., Crosbie, L., Jamison, L. and Brito, R., Fauna & Flora International, United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative and Fundação Getulio Vargas, 2009 [Published: 2009]
Guidelines, Global
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The world’s population is expected to rise dramatically over the next 40 years, from 6.7 billion in 2009 to 9.2 billion by 2050. At the same time, economic development will lead to an increase in demand for meat, dairy, vegetables and fruit. To feed the world and to feed it well, global food production will need to double by 2050. The problem, however, is that half of the habitable land on Earth is already used for farming. As resources are limited, the challenge is to achieve global food security while having a positive impact on the environment and society. Sustainable agricultural practices provide the solution. Short Guide to Sustainable Agriculture - SAI Platform and Sustainable Food Lab, June 2009 [Published: 2009]
Guidelines, Agriculture and Ranching, Global
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This document outlines the basic principles of the Conservation Grade Protocol and its habitat requirements. Conservation Grade Producers Ltd intends that the Conservation Grade Protocol becomes the leading farming and environment standard, and is based on the best practically achievable outcomes. The Conservation Grade Protocol is designed to consistently evolve over time and to embrace an increasing range of crop and livestock enterprises. Conservation Grade Farming Protocol - Conservation Grade Producers Ltd, July 2016 [Published: 2016]
Standards, Agriculture and Ranching, Europe
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This study is designed to improve companies’ biodiversity reporting methodologies and approaches. It starts off by clarifying the meaning of the expressions, “biodiversity reporting” and  biodiversity indicators”. It then draws up an exhaustive list of the legal provisions that French companies should apply with regard to the communication of information on biodiversity. The study then discusses them main biodiversity reporting documents at different scales and the recommendations made to companies by certain international and national reference frameworks. In the last part of this document, the IUCN French Committee provides advice on how to write a high-quality biodiversity report. Applicable to all countries, legal contexts and industry sectors, it covers both the scope of biodiversity reporting documents and the subjects that should be dealt with. Corporate Biodiversity Reporting and Indicators - IUCN French Committee, Paris, France, September 2014 [Published: 2014]
Guidelines, Global
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This book, produced under the auspices of the OECD Working Party on Biodiversity, Water and Ecosystems, considers the opportunities for scaling‑up finance for biodiversity from six “innovative financial mechanisms” (as classified in Goal 4 of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Strategy for Resource Mobilization). These are: environmental fiscal reform; payments for ecosystem services; biodiversity offsets; markets for green products; biodiversity in climate change funding; and biodiversity in international development finance. Scaling-up Finance Mechanisms for Biodiversity - OECD Publishing, OECD, 2013 [Published: 2013]
Guidelines, Global
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The objective of the review was to improve the relevance and effectiveness of the Principles and Criteria for its members and in achieving the vision and mission of the RSPO. The review process followed ISEAL best practices, including two public consultations and four physical Taskforce meetings and resulted in the production of the revised RSPO Principles and Criteria for Sustainable Palm Oil Production (RSPO P&C 2013). Principles and Criteria for the Production of Sustainable Palm Oil - Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), 15 November 2013 [Published: 2013]
Guidelines, Agriculture and Ranching, Global
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The UN Global Compact and IUCN have developed this framework for companies to explore the issue of BES as it relates to their activities and corporate sustainability.The overarching objective of this framework is to contribute to the integration of BES into business activities and to firmly position BES conservation among the private sector by engaging the top management of companies in the development, implementation and disclosure of BES policies and practices, in order to reduce risks, manage related impacts and seize opportunities. A Framework for Corporate Action on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services - UN Global Compact and IUCN,  2012. [Published: 2012]
Guidelines, Global
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The Ethical BioTrade Standard builds on the BioTrade Principles and Criteria that were developed by the UNCTAD BioTrade Initiative. The first version of the Ethical BioTrade standard was adopted in 2007 under the title ‘Verification Framework for Native Natural Ingredients’. This is the second draft version of the Ethical BioTrade Standard. The revision was needed to take into account experiences with the application of the 2007 standard in different parts of the world, and at different stages of the supply chain. STD01 - Ethical BioTrade Standard - Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT), 11 April 2012 [Published: 2012]
Standards, Global
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This discussion paper examines the notion of safeguards and explores guiding principles that may be useful for the design and application of safeguards in Biodiversity Financing Mechanisms under the Convention on Biological Diversity. It builds on lessons learned from existing legal and policy processes, in particular the REDD+ discussions on safeguards under the UNFCCC and beyond. While scaling up biodiversity finance can be a means for contributing to the achievement of the three goals of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the development of new BFMs has also generated concerns over potential problems. Discussion Paper: Safeguards for Scaling-Up Biodiversity Finance and Possible Guiding Principles - Claudia Ituarte-Lima, Maria Schultz, Thomas Hahn, Sarah Cornell, Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Hyderabad, India, 7 October 2012 [Published: 2012]
Guidelines, Global
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