Poaching activities in South Africa have targeted the lucrative abalone industry. Dramatic cuts in the total allowable catch since late 1996, with up to 90% reductions in key areas, have placed the long-term sustainability of the fishery in question. A criminological study of abalone poaching in a community where both the legal and illegal industries are centred has clearly illustrated both the severity and the complexity of the problem.
A case study of abalone poaching in South Africa and its impact on fisheries management - Hauck, M., and Sweijd, N. A. 1999. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 56: 1024–1032.