This study is part of the cross-country analysis of the fiscal and resource gap of protected areas in the South East Asian region. It focused on the protected areas in the Philippines that are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Using mail and field interviews of the Protected Area Superintendent (PASu) or senior DENR officials, the study looked into the extent of internal and external threats to protected areas (PA) in 16 regions of the country as represented by the population of settlements outside PAs, inhabitants within PAs, number of visitors, and length of roads and trails. The management responses to these threats, indicated by the number of staff filled up by the DENR and the budget allocated by the national government, were also examined.
Fiscal Gap and Financing Protected Areas in the Philippines - Alexander D. Anda, Jr., Marlon M. Atienza, Economy and Environment for Southeast Asia, October 2013