Key Institutional/Policy Barriers & Gaps

Each country has a unique set of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats with respect to making economically-sound investment decisions for disaster risk reduction. This section lists papers and presentations on key institutional/policy barriers and gaps.

The Future We Want
– UN (2012)
Outcome statement from RIO+20 including a re-commitment to investing in disaster risk reduction

How To Make Cities More Resilient. A Handbook for Local Government Leaders
– ISDR (2012)
Provides government leaders with the essentials on why disaster risk reduction is necessary and how to implement effective management strategies in varying regions in order in to support urban resilience

Preparing for High-Impact, Low-Probability Events: Lessons from Eyjafjallajökull
– Chatham House (2012)
Analysis of the nature of decision-making and coordination before, during and ash cloud; the impact of scienti”c uncertainty; the economic consequences and the role of communications

The Good, The Bad and The Ugly: Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Versus Disaster Risk Creation (DRC)
– PLOS (2012)
Demonstrates the extent to which “vulnerability drivers” emanate from greed, the misuse of political and commercial power, mismanagement and incompetence

National Earthquake Strategy and Action Plan 2012-2023
Government of Turkey (2012)
– Sets out a national strategy and programme for reducing the risk of earthquakes

Investing in Early Warning Systems: A Global Fund for Disaster Preparedness
– 
University of Hawaii (2012)
Analyses the political barriers of disaster risk reduction and advocates investment in early warning systems, suggesting strategies to create incentives and encourage funding

Factsheet on the Secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)
– ISDR (2102)
Explains the mandate and responsibilities of the ISDR Secretariat

Study on Disaster Risk Reduction, Decentralization and Political Economy
– ISDR (2011)
Investigates the political and economic variables that affect incentives for effective disaster risk reduction

EMDAT and Trends in Natural Disasters
– CRED (2011)
Presentation by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters showing trends of natural disaster occurrences and the relationship of climate events and populations

Path Dependencies and Path Change in Complex Fields of Action: Climate Adaptation Policies in Germany in the Realm of Flood Risk Management
– University of Bremen (2011)
Reviews two cases studies highlighting the pivitol role of the state in making critical decisions in response to disaster

Business Partnerships: Disaster Risk Reduction is Everybody’s Business
– ISDR (2011)
Brochure on building business partnerships

Surviving Disaster
– NYU (2010)
Empirical analysis of the political drivers for investing in disaster risk reduction

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention
– UN & World Bank (2010)
Details the many strategies that both the private and public sectors can take to prevent natural hazards from becoming catastrophic disasters

World Disasters Report 2010: Bridging the Urban Risk Divide
– IFRC (2010)
An overview of disaster risks faced by the growing urban sector and the role of local governments in managing and reducing risk

Beyond Cost-Benefit: Developing a Complete Toolkit for Adaptation Decisions
– IIED (2010)
Briefing note advocating development of a ‘toolkit’ that helps users choose from a variety of evaluation methods

Investing in a Safer Future: A Disaster Risk Reduction Policy for the Australian Aid Program
– AusAid (2009)
Development assistance policy aimed at reducing vulnerability and enhancing resilience of countries and communities to disasters

The Economics Disaster Risk Reduction: Risk Transfer Instruments
– IDRMS (2009)
Presentation from the Integrated Disaster Risk Management Society on risk transfer and the role of economics in disaster risk management

Index Insurance and Climate Risk: Prospects for Development and Disaster Management
– IRI (2009)
Explores how a new type of insurance – index insurance – offers new opportunities for managing climate risk in developing countries

Disaster Policies: Some Implications for Public Finance in the U.S. Federation
– Public Finance Review (2008)
Analysis of flood losses in Louisiana showing that rare but exceptionally large disasters account for a large share of all disaster losses

Disaster Risk Financing: Reducing the Burden on Public Budgets
– Swiss Re (2008)
Focuses on new forms of public-private partnership and the efficient use of insurance and capital market instruments to ensure resilience against disasters

The Death Toll from Natural Disasters: The Role of Income, Geography, and Institutions
 Tufts University (2003)
Using data from 57 nations from 1980 to 2002 compares disaster mitigation and the effects of economic development and institutions