Understanding the wildlife economy


Earthmind’s Wildlife Economy Programme aims to enhance our understanding of the nexus between wildlife and sustainable economic development.

The wildlife economy includes the production, utilisation, and trade in wild goods and services. It covers marine and terrestrial ecosystems and the consumptive and non-consumptive use of wild resources.

The overarching policy context is the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the wildlife utilisation elements of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For example:

SDG 14.4 aims to “restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield;”

SDG 15.1 aims to ensure the “sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services;” and

SDG 17.11 commits to “increase significantly the exports of developing countries,” which for many countries includes opportunities for increasing the exports of wild goods and services.


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