WWF Indo-Malayan ecoregion – Bornean Lowland Rainforest (scientific code IM0102)
The Punan Long Adiu Customary Territory – Nugum Lunang, Lelum Tano’/Sustainable Forest, Safe Earth – is mostly covered with dense tropical rainforest that has been used by the Punan Adiu Customary Community for generations. Now settled in Punan Long Adiu Village, the Punan Adiu Community still use many of the sustainable practices their ancestors developed, hunting and gathering most of the food, fuel, building materials, and medicines they need from the forest.
Forest in the Punan Adiu Customary Territory supports a huge diversity of plant and animal species many of which are threatened with extinction. The area is within the Heart of Borneo region, identified as a priority for Biodiversity Conservation because of the exceptional diversity of species it supports, and the high levels of threat they face from deforestation and forest degradation.
Effective management of the Punan Adiu Customary Territory will prevent the loss or degradation of more than 100 hectares of valuable forest habitat each year, supporting the conservation of the critically endangered Helmeted Hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil), Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica), and Bornean Banded Langur (Presbytis chrysomelas), and the thousands of other species that make use of the forest.
With the support of the local NGO LP3M, and a team of local and international experts, the Punan Adiu Community has designed a suite of activities that will enable them to effectively protect their forest. These activities include:
- Pursuing the legal process for formal recognition of their Customary Territory and Customary Forest (Hutan Adat);
- Developing and enforcing village regulations to prevent unsustainable use of forest resources;
- Carrying out regular forest patrols to contain external threats, such as poaching and encroachment; and
- Developing livelihood activities that enable the community to maximize their income from sustainable use of the forest.
The livelihoods of the 32 households in Punan Long Adiu Village depend on sustainable use of forest resources for food, fuel, fiber, and building materials. Effective community management of the forest will enable them and their progeny to continue reaping the benefits of sustainable forest management. They will also work to increase the income from forest livelihood activities including fish farming, rattan weaving, and ecotourism.